Colossians 2:16 And The Feasts

Colossians 2:16 Ordinances, Feasts And Holydays

It is disappointing that this verse is rapidly becoming one of the most abused passages in the Word of God. It has also long been one of the enemy’s favourite passages to have Christians believe that the fourth Commandment or God's Ten Commandments are abolished. But it does not stop there. If our adversary can add enough confusion, then he still succeeds as Christians get to the stage where they do not know what to believe and so the truth remains elusive. Sadly, it is abused even through those that know that all Ten Commandments still stand but this deceived group manipulate the meaning of the words in Colossians 2:16 to insist that Paul is saying that Christians should still be keeping all the Holy Feast days such as Passover etc that were nailed to the cross. Here is the passage in contention.

Colossians 2:14-17Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; 15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it. 16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [offerings], or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

The following are the four most common misunderstandings, or to the grievousness of God, because some are not looking for truth, but instead are looking for a smooth, easy, comfortable religion that allows them to live anyway they please and still give assurance of salvation. There is indeed no true religion that can do that, and sadly, Matthew 7:21-23 describes the potential outcome for those who choose that path. It is my heartfelt prayer that they and the rest of us all seek after truth in love and humility. They say:

  • 1) Colossians 2:14-16 abolishes all Ten Commandments.
  • 2) Verse 16 abolishes the fourth Commandment only. (A favourite among many)
  • 3) Verse 16 does away with the foods God called an abomination. (unclean)
  • 4) Colossians 2:14-17 says we have to keep the ordinances being the sacrificial part of the Mosaic Law such as Passover and all the other Holy feast days. (ceremonial law)

The following list is the most common reasons as to how the above four misunderstandings are justified.

  • 1) The word ordinances in verse 14 means the Ten Commandments.
  • 2) The phrase “blotting out the handwriting” in verse 14 means the Ten Commandments because the Ten Commandments were written with God’s finger and they say you don’t get much more handwritten than God’s finger.
  • 3) The phrase “sabbath days” (Plural) in verse 16 is referring to the fourth Commandment the Sabbath.
  • 4) The Greek New Testament shows the declension for “sabbath” in verse 16 as N-GPN, which stands for “Noun-Genitive-Plural-Neuter,” that is, “sabbaths” or “sabbaths days.” Some say the phrase “sabbath days” is not plural because the KJV Bible has translated other verses in the singular where the Greek New Testament shows the declension for sabbath as N-GPN, therefore “sabbath days” must be singular, that is, “the Sabbath.
  • 5) The unclean foods are abolished in this passage because modern Bible translations say “Do not let anyone judge you in what you eat or drink.
  • 6) The word “sabbath” in verse 16 is the ceremonial sabbaths and the fourth Commandment the Sabbath because the word used in both cases in the New Testament is “Sabbaton.
  • 7) In regards to those who insist that Paul is saying that the feast holydays must still be kept, it is said that ALL commentaries that say verse 16 is referring to the ceremonial sabbaths only and that they were nailed to the cross, are commentaries belonging to a specific Church.

What is the True Meaning of Colossians 2:16?

What was nailed to the cross in Colossians 2:16?So what does the entire passage of Colossians 2:14-17 really mean? One by one we will cover all the above heresies but first let’s do some ground work. What are the Ten Commandments and what was done to make reconciliation for sin before Christ died on the cross?

The Bible speaks of two Laws of which there is much confusion but it need not be as when one breaks down the purpose of these laws it becomes very clear. Law Number 1 is called “the Ten Commandments or Two tablets of the Testimony,” the “Moral Law,” and the “Decalogue.” Law Number 2 is called the “Mosaic Law or Law of Moses,” the “Book of the Law or Book of the Covenant,” the “Ordinances” and the “Ceremonial Law.” If an Israelite sinned, he broke Law Number 1, the Ten Commandment Moral Law. He then had to bring his offering according to Law Number 2, the Sacrificial Law to receive forgiveness. This is the relationship between these two laws. Law Number 1 defines sin, as sin is the transgression of the Law (1 John 3:4) and Law Number 2 defines sacrifices, the ceremonial Law which was the remedy for sin.

So put simply, when the Israelite sinned he broke Law number 1. To make atonement for his sin he had to obey Law number 2. This Ceremonial law is easily identified in the Bible as it talks about circumcision (a religious Jewish rite), sacrifices, offerings, purifications, holydays, and other rites that were associated with the Hebrew sanctuary service. So here are two very distinct laws. Our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ permanently took the place of Law Number 2 when He cried out “It is finished” and bowed His head and died. When that unseen hand tore the temple curtain from top to bottom, (Matthew 27:51) this signified that the ceremonial law was once and for all permanently nailed to the cross.

So what is sin and why did Jesus die on the cross for us? If I were to commit adultery, would that be sin? Of course! What about murder or stealing? Would that be sin? How about worshipping idols or taking the Lord’s name in vein? These of course would all be sin and it is because of this sin that Jesus died on the cross for us. Having already identified what sin is, let’s see if the Bible agrees with us.

1 John 3:4Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
Romans 4:15Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

Romans 4:15 corroborates 1 John 3:4 and shows that if there was no law then there would be no transgression of the law, which is sin. Hence, if we have sin then we have a law. If there is no sin then there is no law. It does not get more simple than that. It is no different is secular society. If there was no law, then people could murder, steal and do what ever they wanted as there would be no law and so there would be no transgression of mans law and society would be dreadful, fearful and chaotic and everyone would be fighting for their lives. Today we have murder, suicide, rape, adultery, fornication, thefts, muggings, idolatry, pornography, child abuse and classmates shooting classmates. There are even elderly men and woman being beaten in their homes for a few dollars. You can understand those belonging to this world not wanting any law to follow, but what sort of message does it send to secular society when Christians start teaching that these ten great laws of love, the Ten Commandments are abolished? Is any one of us without sin? There was of course only ONE who was perfect and without sin.

Romans 3:23For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
1 John 1:8If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

What does the Bible say the consequences for sin are? Romans 6:23For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” However, 1 John 1:9 says “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

So did Jesus die to redeem us from consequences of sin and hence pay the penalty for our sin, or so we could continue living in sin? The following passage is the easiest and clearest way to answer this question.

Hebrews 10:26-29For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, … 28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose you, shall he be thought worthy, who has trodden under foot the Son of God, and has counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and has done despite unto the Spirit of grace?

Since sin is transgression of the law and Hebrews 10:26 says that there is NO SACRIFICE that will cover wilful sin, than it becomes perfectly clear that Jesus did not die so we could continue living in sin. We are told that to continue in sin (breaking God’s Commandments) is to tread the Son of God under our feet. Does anyone desire to tread Jesus under foot in thanks for His sacrifice and love? We are also informed it is to count the blood of the New Covenant as an UNHOLY thing despite being under God’s Grace. Having covered the groundwork, let’s look at the most common excuses used with Colossians 2:14-17.

Explanation number 1

Explanation number 1 was that the ordinances are the Ten Commandments. I don’t believe one can come to this conclusion without being intentionally mislead. Let’s look at the meaning of the Greek word for “ordinances” used in verse 14 as well as for the Greek words for “Law” and “Commandments.

Colossians 2:14Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances [dogmah].

Strong’s Definition: G1378 dogma, pronounced dog'-mah.
From the base of G1380; a law (civil, ceremonial or ecclesiastical): - decree, ordinance.

The Strong’s dictionary states that it can be a type of law but what type? Does it say that it is the Ten Commandment law or God’s law? No it does not. It says that it can be a “civil law,” “ceremonial law” or “ecclesiastical law” and a decree or ordinance.

When ones studies the context of this passage, it becomes clear that it is the “ordinances” which is also known as the ceremonial law (a phrase used by many famous theologians but does not occur in scripture) being the sacrificial part of the “Law of Moses” which is also known as the “Mosaic Law.”

For further clarity, what is the basic definition from the Thayer dictionary?

Thayer Definition: G1378 dogma
1) Doctrine, decree, ordinance
2) The rules and requirements of the Law of Moses; carrying a suggestion of severity and of threatened judgment
3) Of certain decrees of the apostles relative to right living

As one would expect, the Thayer dictionary supports the Strong’s dictionary but also gives further clarity by stating directly the “Law of Moses” although only the sacrificial part of it. So how do people get the Ten Commandments from the Greek word “dogmah”? You obviously cannot. It is just one of many lies from the enemy to convince Christians that they no longer need be obedient to God in love or one of many excuses from those who simply do not want truth. This is not loving God with all ones heart, might and soul and can only end with one conclusion, and no one should desire to go down that path.

Let’s look at what Greek words would have been used in order for the Ten Commandments to have been referred to even though the context of the passage would still be totally incorrect. The Greek word for “Commandments” that is used consistently all through the New Testament when referring to the Ten Commandments according to the Strong’s dictionary is:

Strong’s Definition: G1785 entole, pronounced en-tol-ay' From G1781; injunction, that is, an authoritative prescription: - commandment, precept.

The following verse is before the cross where the Ten Commandments and the sacrificial ordinances were both still relevant. Here we find the use of the word Commandments, (entole) that is, the Ten Commandments, and the word ordinances referring to the Hebrew sacrificial sanctuary system. Are the “Ten Commandments” and the “Ordinances” the same thing? It should now be starting to come clear that they definitely are not.

Luke 1:6And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments AND ordinances of the Lord blameless.

Below a few more examples of verses using the Greek word “entole” used for the Ten Commandments.

Luke 23:56And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
John 14:15If you love me, keep my commandments.
Romans 13:9For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, You shall not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shall love your neighbour as thyself.
1 Corinthians 7:19Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.
1 John 2:3-4And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. 4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
1 John 5:2-3By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments. 3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.
Revelation 12:17And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
Revelation 14:12Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
Revelation 22:14Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

Why didn’t Paul use this Greek word if he was referring to the Ten Commandments? Because Paul is speaking of the ordinances of the ceremonial law, which we will also soon see from the passage context.

The other word that could have been used if Paul was referring to the Ten Commandment law would be to actually use the word “Law.” In more than 99% of the uses of the word “Law” in the New Testament, the word “Law” is either referring to the “Law of Moses” or the “Law of God” being the Ten Commandments. The Greek word for “Law” is “nomos” and the Strong’s definition is below.

Strong’s: G3551 nomos, pronounced nom'-os. From a primary word nemo (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle): - law.

So again, why didn’t Paul use the word “nomos” if he was referring to the Ten Commandments or for that matter, the entire “Law of Moses?” Paul did not use the word “nomos” either because he is referring ONLY to the sacrificial part of the “Law of Moses” which is called the ceremonial law or to use the Biblical term, the “ordinances” as very accurately translated by the King James Bible.

The argument that the Greek word “dogmah,” which is most accurately translated to ordinances, is referring to the Ten Commandments is total ignorance or an absolutely sorrowful attempt by those who do not want to acknowledge God’s Commandments. Satan is always busy looking for anyone he can manipulate into spreading false doctrine to keep as many as possible from the kingdom. Sadly, he has had no trouble in finding many people in the last few decades and the amount of heretical teaching is on the rapid increase as we drawer nearer to Earths final days. This is something we should of course expect.

Explanation number 2

The phrase “blotting out the handwriting” in Colossians 2:14 means the Ten Commandments because the Ten Commandments were written with God’s finger and they say you don’t get much more handwritten than God’s finger.

How God must grieve when he hears reasons like this one given in avoiding loving obedience to Him. The ordinances which were part of the “Law of Moses” were handwritten while the Ten Commandments were written by God’s finger. Is a child painting with their finger called finger painting or hand painting? Did God ever write any ordinances with His hand? He did NOT in fact. It is slowly going to become clearer and clearer that this passage is and can only be referring to the sacrificial part of the “Law of Moses,” which was written by the hand of Moses. So is the following hand writing or finger writing by God?

Exodus 31:18And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

Now note in the following verse that the “ordinances” were by the “hand of Moses” and that the “ordinances” are SEPARATE from the “Whole Law” and the “Statutes.” The Ten Commandments are indeed separate from the “ordinances,” which was also demonstrated well in Luke 1:6 shown previously.

2 Chronicles 33:8Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; so that they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law AND the statutes AND the ordinances by the hand of Moses.

Explanation or Reason number 3

The phrase “sabbath days” (Plural) in Colossians 2:16 is referring to the fourth Commandment the Sabbath.

I call this an explanation or reason as many do legitimately misunderstand this. The word “sabbaths” or phrase “sabbath days” is the correct translation as the Greek is plural here as these were ceremonial sabbaths that were part of the ordinances. It is now time to establish a clearer meaning of this whole passage to understand this. Do you remember from earlier that the sacrificial law, which was also called the “ordinances” was to make reconciliation for sin? If we look closely now at the context of Colossians 2:14, we will note that Paul is saying that these ordinances were “against us” AND “contrary to us.” Why?

Colossians 2:14Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

Here Paul pushes the point very hard that these ordinances were bondage but even more significantly, Paul says they were taken out of the way and nailed to the cross. To establish what was nailed to the cross, all we have to do is ask ourselves what was it that Jesus Christ died on the cross for. He was nailed the cross to redeem us from the consequences of our sin. And what was it that was practiced to make reconciliation for our sin before the cross? The sacrificial law! It was the ordinances that were nailed to the cross as Jesus brought an end to the whole sacrificial system by becoming that ONE and final perfect sacrifice, which was also signified by the unseen hand tearing the temple curtain from top to bottom.

Matthew 27:51 NIVAt that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks split.

This passage and its context is really very simple but let’s look at a passage in the Old Testament for even more clarity that you will note speaks of some of what the “ordinances” entailed and that is was to make reconciliation for sin and included the Holy Feast days such as Passover. Note especially verse 17 which is the perfect parallel to Colossians 2:16. So what is it that is being referred to in this passage?

Ezekiel 45:13-25 KJVThis is the oblation [offering] that you shall offer; the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of wheat, and you shall give the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of barley: 14 Concerning the ordinance of oil, the bath of oil, you shall offer the tenth part of a bath out of the cor, which is an homer of ten baths; for ten baths are an homer: 15 And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; for a meat offering, and for a burnt offering, and for peace offerings, to make reconciliation for them, saith the Lord GOD. 16 All the people of the land shall give this oblation for the prince in Israel. 17 And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts [holy day], and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel. 18 Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the first month, in the first day of the month, you shall take a young bullock without blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary: 19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it upon the posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court. 20 And so you shall do the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple: so shall you reconcile the house. 21 In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, you shall have the Passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten. 22 And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin offering. 23 And seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt offering to the LORD, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a kid of the goats daily for a sin offering. 24 And he shall prepare a meat offering of an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and an hin of oil for an ephah. 25 In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, shall he do the like in the feast of the seven days, according to the sin offering, according to the burnt offering, and according to the meat offering, and according to the oil.” Parentheses are added.

The “ordinances” were what was practiced to make reconciliation for the sin of the people. It involved meat offerings and drink offerings, Holy day festivals [feasts] in the monthly new moons and on the various ceremonial sabbaths, such as Passover and the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) for instance, which were all yearly ceremonial sabbaths.

Most modern Bible translations have mistranslated meat and drink offerings to “what you eat or drink” as in unclean foods. This is incorrect as unclean foods are not part of the “ordinances” of the sacrificial system in any way whatsoever. Not only did they mistranslate this, but if the translators had of stopped and thought about it, they would have realized that there is no such thing as unclean drinks. Unclean drinks are not found anywhere in the Word of God as they do not exist. It is therefore impossible for unclean drinks to be referred to here since there is no such thing and unclean foods are not part of the ordinances and so do not fit the context in the slightest. Meat and drink offerings on the other hand fit the context perfectly and are part of the ordinances as we also saw in Ezekiel 45:17.

The original Greek text often has words left out were the translators have to work out what word is missing and add it in. See also false teachings and doctrines exposed. When the translators of the KJV and NKJV Bible add a word in, it is added in italics to show that it did not exist in the original Greek text. The translators of the KJV Bible have done the most accurate job at translating this particular passage, but in Colossians 2:16, even they apparently did not realize that the word “offerings” was missing and so we ended up with “meat, or in drink” instead of “meat, or in drink offerings,” which is exactly what was in the ordinances. Observe below that the missing word has been added and then compare it with Ezekiel 45:17.

Colossians 2:16Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [offerings], or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:” Parentheses are added.

It is a perfect parallel as you would expect since Ezekiel 45 is referring to the ordinances that was to make reconciliation for sin which is exactly what Jesus brought to an end when He died on the cross. Jesus became our Passover Lamb and even died on Passover at exactly the same time the Passover Lamb was about to be sacrificed in the temple. This is what is known as type and antitype. For every feast there is an antitype. To fully comprehend the purpose of the ceremonial ordinances, one must understand the principle of type and antitype. The sequence of days observed for the feasts as shown in scripture is the “type.” This sequence of days is symbolic of what was to come in the future and for its fulfilment which is the “antitype.” The type and antitype MUST and WILL match precisely. Feast of weeks for instance is the type and Pentecost is the antitype and its fulfilment. This is what is meant by shadows in verse 17.

Colossians 2:17Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

All the various feast holydays of the ceremonial ordinances were a “shadow” of something to come. What were they a shadow of? Passover was the type and shadow of the death of Jesus on the cross who became our Passover Lamb. When Jesus was crucified, Passover and the antitype was fulfilled and the shadow disappeared, that is, it was nailed to the cross and ended for ever. Leviticus 23:5 says, “In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S Passover.” And the feast the day after was a shadow of the time Jesus spent in the grave. Leviticus 23:6And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.” The Feast of weeks, which occurred fifty days after Passover, was a shadow of Pentecost, which of course was fifty days after Jesus was crucified. It also coincided with the giving of the Ten Commandments. Leviticus 23:15-16And you shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall you number fifty days; and you shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.” The fourth Commandment the Sabbath on the other hand is not and cannot be a type of anything as it was established before the fall, and so has no shadow and is eternal as are all Ten Commandments.

Note that the word “holyday” in Colossians 2:16 is synonymous with a feast day as feast days are festivals and holydays. Note the Strong’s dictionary definition.

Strong’s: G1859 heorte, pronounced heh-or-tay'. Of uncertain affinity; a festival: - feast, holyday.

For instance, “Alexander Campbell’s” Living Oracles uses the word festival which means feast day, in place of Holyday that is used in the KJV Bible and is an exact parallel of Ezekiel 45:17.

KJVLet no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [offerings], or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
LONTLet no one, therefore, judge you in meat, or in drink [offerings], or in respect of a festival, or of a new moon, or of sabbaths;

The ordinances had seven ceremonial sabbaths such as Passover, which you would have observed in Ezekiel 45:21 previously. The table below gives an overview of the various feast Holydays that were part of the ordinances, which is also referred to as the ceremonial law. The phrase “ceremonial law” does not occur in scripture but is used by many famous theologians and Bible commentaries as it is a law and it involves various ceremonies. This law was written in a book by Moses (hence two of its names, Book of the Law and Mosaic Law) and you will note that this law had several ceremonial sabbaths that so often get confused with the fourth Commandment (written in stone by God) of the Ten Commandments which is the Sabbath of the Lord and is eternal for everyone as are the other nine Commandments. The ceremonial sabbaths on the other hand were temporary and for literal Israel only, and WERE nailed to the cross.

2 Chronicles 8:13Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.”.
Spring Festivals   Autumn Festivals
Passover Unleavened Bread Pentecost Trumpets Atonement Tabernacles
Leviticus 23:6-8 Leviticus
14th Day
1st Month
A Week Long Festival
15th to 21st Day
1st Month
50 days from
15 Nisan
(6 Sivan)
1st day
7th Month
10th Day
7th Month
An Eight Day Festival
15th to 22nd Day
7th Month
Erev Pesah Pesah
1st Day
of Festival
Yom Tov
7th Day
of Festival
Feast of Weeks
or Firstfruits
Yom Kippur Sukkoth
1st Day
of Festival
8th Day of Festival
  15th Day
1st Month
16th Day
1st Month
21st Day
1st Month
      15th Day
7th Month
22nd Day
7th Month
  A Sabbath Not a Sabbath A Sabbath A Sabbath A Sabbath A Sabbath A Sabbath A Sabbath
Crucifixion   Resurrection   Holy Spirit Warning Judgment Ingathering
  In Jerusalem In Jerusalem     In Jerusalem
  Barley Harvest Wheat Harvest     Fruit Harvest
  Latter Rains       Early Rains

Explanation number 4

The Greek New Testament shows the declension for “sabbath” in Colossians 2:16 as N-GPN, which stands for “Noun-Genitive-Plural-Neuter,” that is, “sabbaths” or “sabbaths days.” Some say the phrase “sabbath days” is not plural because the KJV Bible has translated other verses in the singular where the Greek New Testament shows the declension for sabbath as N-GPN, therefore “sabbath days” must be singular, that is, “the Sabbath.

The declension given is accurate in the Greek New Testament and sometimes different translations have translated elsewhere in the singular where it should have been plural but this is the mistake of the translators and does not change the fact that plural is correct in the KJV Bible and the majority of others that got this right, and as we have seen, this fits the context of the passage perfectly where one of the Ten Commandments can not possibly be referred to as the Ten Commandments are not the ordinances and did not end at the cross. Why should they? Did love end at the cross? I have devoted a whole web site to this one topic so if you would like to look at this more in depth then please read Plural or Singular?

Explanation number 5

The unclean foods are abolished in this passage because modern Bible translations say “Do not let anyone judge you in what you eat or drink.

This was previously explained in explanation number 3.

Explanation number 6

The word sabbath in verse 16 is the ceremonial sabbaths and the fourth Commandment the Sabbath because the word used in both cases in the New Testament is “Sabbaton.”

This argument is used by those who keep the Sabbath of the Lord but also insist that the ceremonial sabbaths must also still be kept. The argument is that every use of the Greek word “Sabbaton” in the New Testament that says “Sabbath Day” other than Colossians 2:16 are referring to the fourth Commandment so therefore, since it uses the same Greek word “Sabbaton” for sabbath days, it must be referring to the Sabbath of the Lord also. This is really bad exegesis and theology. One cannot base their theology on how many other places a particular Greek word is translated in a certain way.

It saddens me to say that this person titled this following quote under the title “Rocket science update!!!”
Thus it is reasonable and logical to conclude, regardless of your I.Q., that the Greek word Sabbaton in Colossians 2:16 also refers to the weekly Sabbath. This is the conclusion of every single bible commentary known to man. With one exception, the SDA bible commentary.

The above statement in regards to “This is the conclusion of every single bible commentary known to man” is dishonest and casts serious doubt as to whether this person can be trusted at all and is only trying to convince others of what they want to believe. See excuse number 7. This person is attacking a particular Church in an attempt to twist this passage into saying that the ordinances still have to be followed, that is, we still need to keep all the feast holydays such as Passover. The context of this passage was totally ignored by this person who just played on the Greek words in an attempt to justify their argument. The Greek word used for Sabbath is “Sabbaton” all through the New Testament as it simply means a day of rest. It just means “Sabbath.” The fourth Commandment is called “Sabbath” and the ceremonial sabbaths are also called “sabbath.” Why would one expect the Greek word to change? It just means “Sabbath,” which means a day of rest. There is only one way to establish if it is the Sabbath of the Lord or a ceremonial sabbath being referred to and that is by the context and wording of the passage.

Sometimes it is easy as God calls His Sabbath “MY Sabbath” where the ceremonial sabbaths were called “HER sabbaths” as in they were for Israel only. These first two you will note refer to the fourth Commandment the Sabbath of the Lord.

Exodus 31:13Speak you also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths you shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that you may know that I am the LORD that does sanctify you.
Ezekiel 20:20And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that you may know that I am the LORD your God.

These next two verses refer to ceremonial sabbaths that were for Israel only. You will note the resemblance in the next verse once again to Colossians 2:16. Note how it refers to the holy feast days, the new moons and the sabbath days that God WILL bring to an end, that is, to cease.

Hosea 2:11I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.
Lamentations 1:7Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy, and none did help her: the adversaries saw her, and did mock at her sabbaths.

Explanation number 7

In regards to those who insist that Paul is saying that the feast holydays must still be kept, it is said that ALL commentaries that say Colossians 2:16 is referring to the ceremonial sabbaths only and that they were nailed to the cross, are Seventh-day Adventist commentaries.

The person responsible for this statement gave me a link to their web site in order to try and convince me to come around to their way of thinking. See their “Rocket science update!!!” in “Excuse number 6”

I informed this person that this was incorrect and gave them commentaries for proof. I was thanked for the information that they should have already known and was told that this would promptly be corrected. I checked a few weeks on to see if they had done what they promised but sadly, I found this incorrect and dishonest information still on their web site. Why? To leave this information on their site that they do not deny is wrong is willful sin of which no sacrifice will cover as this is deliberate un-repented sin. (Hebrews 10:16) They acknowledged this error but failed to change it. Why not? Something is seriously wrong here. This person also stated on their web site that Jesus kept the feast Holydays that ended at the cross and He is our perfect example so we should keep them also. Again, there is something seriously wrong this statement and theology. They ended when Jesus died on the cross! Did Jesus keep them after the cross? No, He did not. Oddly enough, it is normally Christians avoiding obedience to God in regards to the fourth Commandment the Sabbath but in this case these dishonest and nonsensical statements are being used to justify obeying God in something that Paul called bondage and was nailed to the cross. Keeping these feasts denies the work of Jesus on the cross, and it is wrong to teach others false doctrine based on their own desires that add confusion and loss of truth. Jesus ABOLISHED these “ordinances” at the cross.

Ephesians 2:15Having ABOLISHED in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

Here are three very famous and well known Bible commentaries that I gave them that do not belong to any particular denomination. You will note that the first one totally disagrees with this person’s theology on the use of the word “sabbath.” Their statement “regardless of your I.Q.” is very sad as it implies that even if you are unintelligent, you should still see it their way even though it is wrong and unbiblical.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible, Albert Barnes (1798-1870)

Or of the Sabbath days - Greek, “of the Sabbaths.” The word Sabbath in the Old Testament is applied not only to the seventh day, but to all the days of holy rest that were observed by the Hebrews, and particularly to the beginning and close of their great festivals. There is, doubtless, reference to those days in this place, since the word is used in the plural number, and the apostle does not refer particularly to the Sabbath properly so called. There is no evidence from this passage that he would teach that there was no obligation to observe any holy time, for there is not the slightest reason to believe that he meant to teach that one of the ten commandments had ceased to be binding on mankind. If he had used the word in the singular number - “the Sabbath,” it would then, of course, have been clear that he meant to teach that that commandment had ceased to be binding, and that a Sabbath was no longer to be observed. But the use of the term in the plural number, and the connection, show that he had his eye on the great number of days which were observed by the Hebrews as festivals, as a part of their ceremonial and typical law, and not to the moral law, or the Ten Commandments. No part of the moral law - no one of the ten commandments could be spoken of as “a shadow of good things to come.” These commandments are, from the nature of moral law, of perpetual and universal obligation.

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Adam Clarke, LL.D., F.S.A., (1715-1832)

Blotting out the hand-writing of ordinances - By the hand-writing of ordinances the apostle most evidently means the ceremonial law: this was against them, for they were bound to fulfill it; and it was contrary to them, as condemning them for their neglect and transgression of it. This law God himself has blotted out.
Blotting out the hand-writing is probably an allusion to Num_5:23, where the curses written in the book, in the case of the woman suspected of adultery, are directed to be blotted out with the bitter waters. And there can be little doubt of a farther allusion, viz., to the custom of discharging the writing from parchment by the application of such a fluid as the muriatic acid, which immediately dissolves those ferruginous calces which constitute the blackening principle of most inks. But the East India inks, being formed only of simple black, such as burnt ivory, or cork, and gum water, may be wiped clean off from the surface of the paper or parchment by the application of a wet sponge, so as to leave not one legible vestige remaining: this I have often proved.
Nailing it to his cross - When Christ was nailed to the cross, our obligation to fulfill these ordinances was done away. There may be another reference here to some ancient mode of annulling legal obligations, by nailing them to a post; but I do not recollect at present an instance or example. Antiquated laws are said to have been thus abrogated.”
Let no man - judge you in meat, or in drink - The apostle speaks here in reference to some particulars of the hand-writing of ordinances, which had been taken away, … and the necessity of observing certain holydays or festivals, such as the new moons and particular sabbaths, or those which should be observed with more than ordinary solemnity; all these had been taken out of the way and nailed to the cross, and were no longer of moral obligation. There is no intimation here that the Sabbath was done away, or that its moral use was superseded, by the introduction of Christianity. I have shown elsewhere that, Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, is a command of perpetual obligation, and can never be superseded but by the final termination of time. As it is a type of that rest which remains for the people of God, of an eternity of bliss, it must continue in full force till that eternity arrives; for no type ever ceases till the antitype be come. Besides, it is not clear that the apostle refers at all to the Sabbath in this place, whether Jewish or Christian; his σαββατων, of sabbaths or weeks, most probably refers to their feasts of weeks, of which much has been said in the notes on the Pentateuch.

Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown Commentary

holyday — a feast yearly. Compare the three, 1Ch_23:31.
new moon — monthly.
the sabbath — Omit “THE,” which is not in the Greek (compare Note, see on Gal_4:10). “SABBATHS” (not “the sabbaths”) of the day of atonement and feast of tabernacles have come to an end with the Jewish services to which they belonged (Lev_23:32, Lev_23:37-39). The weekly sabbath rests on a more permanent foundation, having been instituted in Paradise to commemorate the completion of creation in six days. Lev_23:38 expressly distinguished “the sabbath of the Lord” from the other sabbaths. A positive precept is right because it is commanded, and ceases to be obligatory when abrogated; a moral precept is commanded eternally, because it is eternally right. If we could keep a perpetual sabbath, as we shall hereafter, the positive precept of the sabbath, one in each week, would not be needed. Heb_4:9, “rests,” Greek, “keeping of sabbath” (Isa_66:23). But we cannot, since even Adam, in innocence, needed one amidst his earthly employments; therefore the sabbath is still needed and is therefore still linked with the other nine commandments, as obligatory in the spirit, though the letter of the law has been superseded by that higher spirit of love which is the essence of law and Gospel alike (Rom_13:8-10).

The truth is that all commentaries I looked at had no trouble in understanding that these ordinances were referring to the old Jewish sacrificial system that was nailed to the cross.

Satan has done such a good job of changing the Sabbath to Sunday in favour of Sun worship through the Roman Catholic Church, it is hard enough already for those who want truth to discover what the enemy has done here in regards the fourth Commandment, but I never thought I would see the day that Satan would throw further confusion in by trying to convince people that they still have to obey the feast holydays that were nailed to the cross. This first came about through a man called Herbert Armstrong who claimed to be something that he was not. When he died, the Church fell apart and went into several splinter groups and it is these groups that have continued with this mans false, heretical teaching even though he is now a recognized cult leader. When they are challenged on this, they ignore this truth and fall back on the Word claiming it is what the Bible says. The problem is that they never learned it from the Bible. They learnt it from this man or one of the groups that came from the Church break up or someone from it. He also taught a heretical Wednesday crucifixion theory. Select the link for the real truth.

It is not just Colossians 2:16 these Christians have to explain away as Galatians 4:9-10 is also referring to the ordinances and Paul is exhorting to the Galatians that they were putting themselves under bondage by still keeping these various festivals. The context does not change. The ordinances are “against us,” “contrary to us” and in Galatians 4:9-10, Paul calls them “bondage.” Those who would insist that we must still keep the feasts that Christ nailed to the cross typically justify Galatians 4:9-10 by saying that Paul is referring to pagan days, but this does not fit the context of the whole book of Galatians yet alone this passage. It is also not possible because Paul continues on by giving an allegory of the two Covenants by comparing them with a bondwoman and a freewoman. Did God make a covenant with anyone on pagan days? I don’t think we need continue with this heresy. Galatians 4:23-26But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise. 24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. 25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. 26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

This group further attempt to support this heretical teaching stating that nowhere in the Bible are there months and so have to be pagan. Perhaps they do not know what the New Moon festival was! See also “new moon” under the Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown Commentary above.

The entire context of Galatians chapters 1-5 is Paul explaining that some judaizing teachers who insisted that the Mosaic Law and associated feast days were still necessary for salvation were wrong. Read the what is the law in Galatians for more. Now back to those two controversial passages. Note carefully the colour coding.

Galatians 4:9-10But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn you again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto you desire again to be in bondage? 10 You observe [Holydays] days, and months, [new moon] and times, and years [sabbatical years such as Passover].
Colossians 2:14-16Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; … 16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink [offerings], or in respect of an holy day [Holy days], or of the new moon [months], or of the Sabbath days: [years eg; Passover sabbath]” Parentheses are added.

What was written in the Book of the Law was “against us, which was contrary to us” and why Paul calls this law “bondage” in Galatians 4:9-10. The Ten Commandments on the other hand are the “perfect law of liberty” and LIBERTY is the exact opposite to BONDAGE, which of course means FREEDOM. Since the Bible does not contradict itself, this also identifies that the “ordinances” are being referred to and not the Ten Commandments. If Paul is calling it “bondage,” than he can only be speaking of what is written in the “Book of the Law” by the hand of Moses. This old sacrificial system was bondage that Christ freed us from.

James 1:25But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
James 2:10-12For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if you commit no adultery, yet if you kill, you are become a transgressor of the law. 12 So speak you, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.

Do the Feasts still have to be kept - Page 2.